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Advanced Quantum-Nano Materials & Optoelectronics Laboratory
 
 

QR code_Prof. Jihoon Lee

Kwangwoon Univ. KOR ver website

Kwangwoon Univ. Eng ver website

Kwangwoon College of Electronics and Informattion Engineering

Dept. of Electronics and Communications Engineering

 

University of Arkansas


Sam M. Walton College of Business

 

ERC 선도연구센터

BK 21 PLUS

Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning

Ministry Of Education

NIPA

KCC

Ministry of Education, Science and Technology

ITRC logo

ITRC Forum 2011

 

 

- Journal Editors -

 

3D Research

NRL cover

 

 

- Research Highlight -

 

Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics

(Journal cover,
Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics)
Volume 13
Issue 6
(2018)

 

(Journal cover, Metals) Volume 7 Issue 11 Evolution of Ternary AuAgPd Nanoparticles by the Control of Temperature, Thickness, and Tri-Layer (2017)

(Journal cover,
Metals)
Volume 7
Issue 11

(2017)

 

Journal Cover: Precise Control of Configuration, Size and Density of Self-assembled Au Nanostructures on 4H-SiC (0001) by Systematic Variation of Deposition Amount, Annealing Temperature and Duration

(Journal cover,
CrystEngComm)
Volume 18
Issue 19

(2016)

Journal cover,CrystEngComm Volume 16 Issue 21 (2014)

(Journal cover,
CrystEngComm)
Volume 16
Issue 21

(2014)

 

Physica Status Solidi (a)) Volume 209 issue 6

(Journal cover,
Physica Status Solidi (a))
Volume 209
Issue 6

(2012)

 

Journal cover, Physica Status Solidi (a) Volume 208 Issue 1 (2011)

(Journal cover,
Physica Status Solidi (a))
Volume 208
Issue 1

(2011)

 

( Journal cover, IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology) Volume 9 Issue 2  (2010)
( Journal cover,
IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology)
Volume 9
Issue 2

(2010)

 

Wiley's Material Science online portal, Materials Views

(Materials Views, Wiley's Material Science)
"Nano Rings and Nano Pyramids"
(2010)

 


(Journal cover, Physica Status Solidi (a)) Volume 207 Issue 2  (2010)
(Journal cover,
Physica Status Solidi (a))
Volume 207
Issue 2

(2010)

 

(Journal cover, Applied Physics Letters) Volume 89 Issue 20  (2006)
(Journal cover,
Applied Physics Letters)
Volume 89
Issue 20

(2006)

 



(2006 MRS Fall Meeting Scene)
"Self-Assembly of InGaAs Quantum Dot Molecules (QDMs)"
(2006)

 

(Journal cover, Applied Physics Letters) Volume 88 Issue 23  (2006)

(Journal cover,
Applied Physics Letters)
Volume 88
Issue 23

(2006)

 

www.nanowerk.com

(NanoWerk, Spotlight)
"Quantum dot necklaces and other QD chains"
(April 12, 2006)

 
Research Links

Gregory J. Salamo

Gregory J. Salamo

Department of Physics
(University of Arkansas, USA)

Solitons Optical Computing Optical Properties of Nano-Structures Electronic Properties of Nano-Structures Nano-Device Fabrication Lab Ferroelectrics, etc

 

Zhiming M. Wang

Zhiming M. Wang

(University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China)
(Institute of Semiconductor, Chinese Academy of Science, China)

 

Compound semiconductors, epitaxial crystal growth, molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), quantum dots, surface, interface, nanostructures, nanoscience and nanotechnology

 

James S. Harris

James S. Harris

Department of Electrical Engineering
(Stanford University)

* Molecular Beam Epitaxy
* Nanofabrication
* Optoelectronics
* Non-linear Optics
* Single Electron Devices
* Quantum Computing

Research Group Home Page

Arthur C. Gossard

Arthur C. Gossard

Materials & Electrical & Computer Engineering
(University of California, Santa Barbara)

Research involves growth of artificially structured materials by molecular beam epitaxy, including growth of quantum wells, superlattices and nanostructures, and their applications to high performance electrical and optical devices.

Research Group Home Page

Pierre M. Petroff

Pierre M. Petroff

Materials Department
(University of California, Santa Barbara)

* Self-assembled nanostructures using molecular beam epitaxy.
* Self-assembled quantum wires and dots in III-V
* compounds semiconductors.

UCSB LINK

James Speck

James S. Speck

Materials Department
(University of California, Santa Barbara)

Semiconductor research emphasizes relationships between thin film electronic materials growth, microstructure and physical properties. Experimental work focuses on MOCVD or MBE growth of wide bandgap nitrides coupled with structural characterization by transmission and scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, and atomic force microscopy.
Darrell G. Schlom

Darrell G. Schlom

Department of Materials Science and Engineering
(Penn State University )

Oxide Thin Films
Electronic Materials
Ferroelectrics
Dielectrics
Epitaxial Thin Films
Molecular-Beam Epitaxy (MBE)
Pulsed-Laser Deposition (PLD)

Research Group Home Page

April Brown

April Brown

Electrical and Computer Engineering
(Duke University)

III-V semiconductor materials and devices
Control of nanostructure synthesis via strain and surface chemisry
Heterojunction and Surface Engineering for Specific Device Applications and Defect Control
GaAs-, InP-, GaSb-, and GaN- based materials
Current Device Studies in AlGaAs-InAs High Electron Mobility Transistors, AlGaN UV Emitters, Integrated InP-based Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors

Research Group Home Page

Rod Beresford

Rod Beresford

Professor of Engineering
(Brown University)

Semiconductor nanostructures, including synthesis, modeling, integration with microelectronics, and applications

Research Group Home Page

Haeyeon Yang

Haeyeon Yang


Nano Science and Engineering
(South Dakota School of Mines & Technology, USA)

Fabrication and syntheses of novel nano materials for optoelectronic devices including photovoltaics, light emitting diodes (LEDs) and lasers

Joanna Mirecki Millunchick

Joanna Mirecki Millunchick

Department of Materials Science & Engineering (University of Michigan)

Materials and surface sciences of semiconductor thin film nucleation and epitaxy

Research Group Home Page

Rachel S. Goldman

Rachel S. Goldman


Materials Science & Engineering
(University of Michigan)

Investigations of structure-property relationships in thin films and heterostructures. Of particular interest are the effects of strain relaxation (dislocations, surface and interface roughness), alloy formation (phase separation, clustering, ordering), and diffusion (and interdiffusion) on electronic and optical properties.

Research Group Home Page

Theodore Moustakas

Theodore Moustakas


Electrical and Computer Engineering
(Boston University)

Visible and UV LEDs:
UV semiconductor lasers
HVPE GaN templates
Nitrogen cluster source:
A-plane growth of GaN:

Research Group Home Page

Ya-Hong Xie

Ya-Hong Xie


Department of Materials Science and Engineering
(University of California, Los Angeles)

RF Cross-talk Isolation
Self-assembled Quantum Dot Arrays by epitaxy
Si Optical Bench

Research Group Home Page

Christopher Palmstrøm

Christopher Palmstrøm

Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
(University of Minnesota)

Epitaxial growth processes and heterostructure formation, Properties of thin films

Research Group Home Page

Charles W. Tu

Charles W. Tu

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
(University of California, San Diego)

* Arsenide/phosphide/nitride-based heterostructures and selective-area regrowth on patterned-and-etched substrates to improve device performance * A new class of semiconductors, dilute nitrides, for optoelectronic applications
Yong-Hang Zhang

Yong-Hang Zhang

Electrical Engineering
(Arizona State University)

Molecular beam epitaxy (MBE)
Optoelectronic devices and their applications

Research Group Link

Seongshik (Sean) Oh

Seongshik (Sean) Oh

Department of Physics & Astronomy
(Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey)

Atomically-controlled Oxide-Metamaterials
Nano/micro Oxide Devices

Research Group Home Page

Diana Huffaker

Diana Huffaker

Electrical Engineering
(University of California, Los Angeles)

Directed and self-assembled nanostructure solid-state epitaxy, optoelectronic devices including solar cells and III-V/Si photonics
Pallab Bhattacharya

Pallab Bhattacharya


Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
(University of Michigan)

Bacteriorhodopsin-Semiconductor Biophotonic Integrated Circuits
High Performance Quantum Dot Lasers
Lasers and Photonic Circuits on Si CMOS
Photonic Crystal Optical Microcavities
Quantum Dot Infrared Photodetectors and Imaging Arrays
Spin-Based Optoelectronics
ZnO Growth by Plasma-Assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy
William A Doolittle


William A Doolittle

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering
(Georgia Institute of Technology)

Wide bandgap semiconductor materials and devices
Dielectric materials growth and characterization
Electrical, optical and structural characterization and optimization of Electronic materials and devices
Microelectronic device/circuit fabrication
Radio frequency power electronic devices

Research Group Link
John Prineas

John Prineas

Department of Physics and Astronomy
University of Iowa

Nonlinear optical materials for slowing, trapping, and switching optical pulses

Mid- and long-wave optoelectronics (2-12 microns) and glucose sensing

Kang L. Wang

Kang L. Wang

Electrical Engineering
(University of California, Los Angeles)

Nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, MBE and superlattices, micro-wave and millimeter electronics/optoelectronics, and quantum computing
Charles H. Ahn

Charles H. Ahn

Department of Applied Physics
(Yale University)

Novel materials; molecular beam epitaxy; physics and technology of ferroelectric films, including nanofabrication and "writing" with atomic force microscopy; control of carrier density in superconductors and semiconductors with ferroelectric gates

Research Group Link

Eric I. Altman

Eric I. Altman

Department of Chemical Engineering
(Yale University)

Oxygen plasma molecular beam epitaxy system

Dynamics of processes at surfaces using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and related techniques; structure-reactivity relationships in oxide catalysts; manipulation of surface chemistry through novel routes; the nucleation and growth of thin films

Victor E. Henrich

Victor E. Henrich

Applied Physics and of Physics
(Yale University)

Oxide MBE

Solid surfaces, the interaction of surfaces with absorbed atoms and molecules, interfaces between solids, and the properties of complex oxides

Daniel Wasserman

Daniel Wasserman

Department of Physics
(University of Massachusetts Lowell)

mid-infrared (mid-IR) emitters, detectors, and photonic devices for applications in Medicine, the Environment, Homeland Defense, and Communications

William D. Goodhue

William D. Goodhue

Department of Physics
(University of Massachusetts Lowell)

Photonics Center
Director

Experimental semiconductor research, materials, fabricatio

razeghi.gif

Manijeh Razeghi

Electrical Engineering and Computer Science,
(Northwestern University)

MBE & MOCVD

Quantum optoelectronics

Research Lab

 
 
 
Shuji Nakamura

Materials Department
(University of California, Santa Barbara, USA)

Nitride LED (blue laser LD and LED)

The Solid State Lighting and Display Center at UCSB
Dream of the Blue Laser Diode (I actually thought it looked very easy to make blue LEDs

Jerry D. Tersoff

Jerry D. Tersoff

(IBM Watson Research Center, USA)

Theoretical studies of self-assembly of epitaxial nanostructures

Dieter Bimberg

Dieter Bimberg

(Technische Universitat Berlin, Germany)

Quantum Dots & QD laser

Euijoon Yoon

Euijoon Yoon

Department of Materials Science and Engineering
(Seoul National University, South Korea)

III-V compound semiconductors
Nitride QDs (MOCVD)

Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Seoul National University

Alexander Govorov

Alexander Govorov

Department of Physics and Astronomy
(Ohio University, USA)

Optics of quantum dots and rings
Theoretical studies of photo-thermal effects in nanoparticle assemblies

 

Ho Nyung Lee

Ho Nyung Lee

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA)

Functional Complex Oxides (PLD)

 

Christoph Lienau

Christoph Lienau

Institute of Physics
(Carl von Ossietzky the University of Oldenburg, Germany)

- Ultra fast Nano-Optics

Shu-Shen Li

Shu-Shen Li

(Institute of Semiconductor CAS, China)

- Theoretical studies of quantum- and nano-structures

Chih-Kang (Ken) Shih

Chih-Kang (Ken) Shih

Department of Physics
(University of Texas at Austin, USA)

Nano Electronic Materials

Research Group Home Page

Oliver G. Schmidt
Oliver G. Schmidt

(Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Germany)

Self-assembled quantum dots

Free-standing nano-objects

Nobuyuki Koguchi
Nobuyuki Koguchi

(National Institute for Materials Science, Japan)
Droplet epitaxy
 

Karl Jacobi

(Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Germany)

High-index GaAs surfaces (MBE &STM)
David J. Smith

David J. Smith

Department of Physics
( Arizona State University, USA)

Tunneling Electron Microscopy (TEM)

Yasuhiko Arakawa

Yasuhiko Arakawa

(The University of Tokyo, Japan)

Quantum Dot Laser

Xiaoqin Li (Elaine)

Department of Physics
(University of Texas at Austin, USA)

Ultra fast nonlinear spectroscopy in condensed matter, quantum dynamics and control in nanostructures
Eric Stinaff

Eric Stinaff

Dept. of Physics & Astronomy
(Ohio University, USA)

Optical and electronic properties of novel semiconductor materials, nanostructures and nanostructure based devices
Sophia E. Hayes

Sophia E. Hayes

Department of Chemistry
(Washington University in St. Louis, USA)

Laser-Enhanced Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
p

Roberto Morandotti

(INRS EMT center
University of Quebec, Canada)

iDiscrete optical solitons
Ultra fast All-Optical Signal/Pulse Processing
Ultra-Wide band (UWB) microwave signal processing

Ultra fast Optical Processing Research Group

George I. Stegeman

College of Optics and Photonics
(University of Central Florida, USA)

Nonlinear optics in waveguide structures: solitons in photonic crystals, in semiconductor optical amplifiers, in quasi-phase-matched doubling crystals and in the discrete systems

Soliton group

Arup Neogi

Arup Neogi

Department of Physics
(University of North Texas, USA)

- Ultra fast and nonlinear optical effects in nitride semiconductors, intra-sub-band device physics, organic- inorganic luminescent hetrostructure and optical sensing and bio-imaging using semiconductor quantum dots

Brian P. Gorman

Brian P. Gorman

Department of Materials Science and Engineering
(University of North Texas, USA)

- Nanostructured inorganic materials processing and characterization with a thin film emphasis
- Characterization of thin films and ceramic interfaces using HRSTEM, TED,FESEM, XRD, and optical techniques
- Low temperature processing of nanoscale fuel cells, low-k dielectrics, and optoelectronics using precursor, sol-gel, and colloidal depositions
- Interfacial studies, epitaxial growth, texturing, and grain growth in thin films
Maohai Xie

Maohai Xie

Department of Physics
(The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)

- Surface Science: Molecular Beam Epitaxy, Growth Kinetics, Semiconductor Surface Structures

Department directory link

Tae-Youl Choi

Tae-Youl Choi

Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering
(University of North Texas, USA)

- Nanostructure characterization/Fabrication of nanowire sensors
- Femtosecond laser material processing
- Focused ion beam nanofabrication
Littler

Littler

Department of Physics
(University of North Texas, USA)

Eletrical and optical characterization of novel semiconductor materials
Michael Shur
- Semiconductor Materials and Devices (nitride)
SiC and Related Materials and Devices by Michael Shur
Curtis R. Taylor

Curtis R. Taylor

Mechanical Engineering
(Virginia Commonwealth University)

- Nanomechanics and Nanomechanical Patterning of Quantum Dots
- Mechanotransduction of Cells Due to Nanomechanical Perturbation
- Mechanical Signaling for Controlled Stem Cell Differentiation
Shriram Ramanathan

Shriram Ramanathan

Materials Science
(Harvad University)

- Mechanistic understanding of role of electric fields in initial oxidation kinetics of metals and alloys
- Size effects on ion conduction mechanisms in doped-fluorite oxides
- Phase transition mechanisms in rutile oxides and their active tuning
- Precise measurements of oxygen concentration and migration kinetics at oxide hetero-interfaces

Eugene A. Fitzgerald

Eugene A. Fitzgerald

Department of Materials Science Engineering
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

Prof. Fitzgerald's group's research activities attack the current limitations of electronic materials, especially limitations created by imperfections in materials such as point, line, and planar defects. Much of the group's efforts are focused on lattice-mismatched semiconductor systems, in which layers in electronic materials and devices have different lattice parameters.

Prof. Fitzgerald's Home Page

Xiang Zhang

Xiang Zhang

Department of Mechanical Engineering
(University of California at Berkeley)

Micro-nano scale engineering, novel 3D fabrication technologies in microelectronics and photonics, micro and nano-devices, nano-lithography and nano-instrumentation, rapid prototyping, bio-MEMS, and semiconductor manufacturing.
Jin Kyu Lee

Jin Kyu Lee

School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering
(Seoul National university)

Organic-inorganic Nanocomposite

Dr. Zhong Lin (ZL) Wang

Zhong Lin (ZL) Wang

School of Materials Science and Engineering
(Georgia Institute of Technology)

1. Nanowires and nanobelts of semiconducting oxide: from materials, to properties and to devices (2000 - present).

2. In-situ nanomeasurements on the mechanical, electrical and field emission properties of nanostructures (1997 - present).

3. Dynamics of shape controlled nanocrystals and nanocrystals self-assembly (1995 - present).

Wong Bong Choi

Wonbong Choi

Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
(Florida International University)

Nanotube/ Nanowire growth
Nanoelectronics
Field emission
Nano Biosensors
Samuel S. Mao

Samuel S. Mao


Department of Mechanical Engineering
(University of California at Berkeley)

Energy transport, conversion and storage, Nano, micro and meso scale phenomena and devices, Ultrafast laser-material interactions, Materials processing, Nonlinear science.
Lionel C. Kimerling

Lionel C. Kimerling

Department of Materials Science Engineering
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

Materials processing and device engineering for the creation of micron and sub-micron scale device elements for vertical integration with circuit systems.
Steven P. DenBaars

Steven P. DenBaars

Materials & Electrical & Computer Engineering
(University of California, Santa Barbara)

  • Electronic Materials growth and fabrication of new semiconductor devices.
  • MOCVD of III-V compound semiconductor materials and devices (InP, GaN).
  • Special interests include the effect of materials properties on device performance Blue LEDs, Blue Lasers, and High Temperature, High Power Electronic Devices.
  • Research Group Link
  • Mark A. Reed

    Mark A. Reed

    Engineering and Applied Science
    (Yale University)

    Heterojunction and low dimensional device physics; mesoscopic physics; quantum devices; nanotechnology; molecular scale transport; plasmonics; nanoscale biosensors

    Research Group Link

    Robert J. Schoelkopf

    Robert J. Schoelkopf

    Applied Physics and Physics
    (Yale University)

    Quantum transport, single-electron devices, and charge dynamics in nanostructures. Broadly put, his research is concerned with quantum-effect and single-electron devices
    Jung Han

    Jung Han

    Electrical Engineering
    (Yale University)

    Organo-metallic vapor phase epitaxy (OMVPE)

    AlGaInN blue and ultraviolet light emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes (LDs)
    III-Nitride vertical cavity surface emitting lasers and LEDs
    GaN and AlGaN Quantum Dots through Droplet Epitaxy

    Hyatt M. Gibbs

    Hyatt M. Gibbs

    Optical Sciences
    (The University of Arizona)

    Fundamental physics of semiconductor quantum-confined structures; nonlinear optical phenomena; molecular-beam-epitaxial growth of Ga,Al,ln,As heterostructures; vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers; optical instabilities; nonlinear etalons and waveguides; optical nonlinearities.

    Research Lab

     

     

     

    The Ames Laboratory is a national center for the synthesis, analysis, and engineering of rare-earth metals and their compounds. Ames conducts fundamental research in the physical, chemical, and mathematical sciences associated with energy generation and storage.
    Argonne's mission is to serve the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and national security
    Interface Of Life & Physical Sciences
    Life Sciences
    Homeland Security
    The Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory advances the understanding of the fundamental nature of matter and energy by providing leadership and resources for qualified researchers to conduct basic research at the frontiers of high energy physics and related disciplines.
    The Idaho National Laboratory is a science-based, applied engineering national laboratory dedicated to supporting the U.S. Department of Energy's missions in environment, energy, science and national defense.
    NREL's scientific and technological efforts, performed by scientists, engineers, and analysts across our facilities, to bring renewable energy technologies from the lab to the marketplace.
    Berkeley Lab conducts unclassified research across a wide range of scientific disciplines with key efforts in fundamental studies of the universe; quantitative biology; nanoscience; new energy systems and environmental solutions; and the use of integrated computing as a tool for discovery.
    science and technology applied to national security
    Los Alamos National Laboratory is a premier national security research institution, delivering scientific and engineering solutions for the nation's most crucial and complex problems. Our primary responsibility is ensuring the safety, security, and reliability of the nation's nuclear deterrent.
    The National Energy Technology Laboratory assures that U.S. fossil energy resources can meet increasing demand for affordable energy without compromising the quality of life for future generations of Americans
    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory develops renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies and practices, advances related science and engineering, and transfers knowledge and innovations to address the nation's energy and environmental goals.
    The New Brunswick Laboratory is the Federal government's Nuclear Materials Measurements and Reference Materials Laboratory and the National Certifying Authority for nuclear reference materials and measurement calibration standards
    The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education is a U.S. Department of Energy facility focusing on scientific initiatives to research health risks from occupational hazards, assess environmental cleanup, respond to radiation medical emergencies, support national security and emergency preparedness, and educate the next generation of scientists.
    ORNL is a multiprogram science and technology laboratory managed for the U.S. Department of Energy by UT-Battelle, LLC. Scientists and engineers at ORNL conduct basic and applied research and development to create scientific knowledge and technological solutions that strengthen the nation's leadership in key areas of science; increase the availability of clean, abundant energy; restore and protect the environment; and contribute to national security.
    PNNL is one of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) ten national laboratories, managed by DOE's Office of Science. PNNL also performs research for other DOE offices as well as government agencies, universities, and industry to deliver breakthrough science and technology to meet today's key national needs.
    The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory is a national center dedicated to plasma and fusion science with a leading international role in developing the theoretical, experimental, and technology innovations needed to make fusion practical and affordable.
    The Radiological and Environmental Sciences Laboratory provides the Department of Energy a reference laboratory to conduct key measurement quality assurance programs and provides technical support and quality assurance metrology that is directly traceable to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
    Nuclear Weapons
    Nonproliferation and Assessments
    Military Technologies and Applications
    Energy and Infrastructure Assurance
    Homeland Security
    The Savannah River Ecology Laboratory provides an independent evaluation of the ecological effects of DOE's Savannah River Site operations through a program of ecological research, education, and outreach.
    The Savannah River National Laboratory is recognized as a world-class center of excellence for the development and application of unique and innovative science and technology solutions.
    The Stanford Linear Accelerator Center is a laboratory dedicated to the design, construction and operation of state-of-the-art electron accelerators and related experimental facilities for use in high-energy physics and synchrotron radiation research.
    The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is a national user facility for nuclear science using continuous beams of high-energy electrons to discover the underlying quark and gluon structure of nucleons and nuclei.

     

    Chinese Academy of Sciences Links
    The Chinese Academy of Sciences is the linchpin of China’s drive to explore and harness high technology and the natural sciences for the benefit of China and the world. Comprising a comprehensive research and development network, a merit-based learned society and a system of higher education, CAS brings together scientists and engineers from China and around the world to address both theoretical and applied problems using world-class scientific and management approaches.
    Institute of Automation Chinese Academy of Sciences
    Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASIA), as one of the earliest national automation institutes in China, was established in October, 1956. In 1968, in order to accelerate development of space technology in China, CASIA was included in China Academy of Space Technology (CAST), renamed as Institute of Space Control Technology and designated as 502 Institute of People’s Liberation Army of China. In 1970, CAS reestablished CASIA according to the needs of development in automation technology.
    The Institute of Biophysics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences was established in 1958 by Prof. BEI Shizhang, a renowned biologist and distinguished CAS member. The mission of the institute is to carry out basic frontier research in a multi/interdisciplinary manner to achieve strategic breakthroughs in such areas as protein sciences, brain and cognitive sciences, infection and immunity, non-coding RNA, and protein and peptide drugs, among others. The institute also emphasizes applied and translational research related to biomedicine and diagnostic methods, including the development of state-of-the-art instruments, key technologies and experimental methods for bioresearch.
    Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ICCAS) was founded in 1956. ICCAS is a multi-disciplinary research institute dedicated to the basic research in broad fields of chemical sciences, and to the key developments of the innovative high technologies aiming to the imperative national needs and important strategic targets, as well as to the collaborative high-technology applications and transfers. ICCAS is one of China’s leading chemistry research institutions with high international reputation.
    The Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGGCAS) was formed in June 1999, through the integration of the Institute of Geology, CAS and the Institute of Geophysics, CAS. In 2004, the Ionosphere Research Room of the Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences was also integrated into the IGGCAS. Since this integration, IGGCAS has become one of the most important and well known geoscience research institutions in China.
    With a history of 82 years, Institute of Hydrobiology (hereinafter abbreviated as IHB), Chinese Academy of Sciences (hereinafter abbreviated as CAS), is a comprehensive academic research institution which devotes to the studies of life processes of inland aquatic organisms, ecological environment protection and utilization of biological resources. It was then located in Shanghai, but moved to Wuhan in September 1954. In 2011, IHB entered the pilot project of the CAS Innovation 2020 programme. In 2015, it became one of the feature institutes in the CAS pioneer initiative.
    The Institute of Microbiology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IMCAS) is the largest microbiological research institution in China. It was founded on December 3, 1958, through the merger of the Institute of Applied Mycology and the Beijing Laboratories of Microbiology, both of which were affiliated to the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). IMCAS was initially located in Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing. In early 2007, the major part of the Institute was relocated to the CAS Life Science Park near the Olympic Village in Chaoyang District, Beijing. After over 50 years of development, it has become the nation's largest comprehensive research institution of microbiological science.

    The Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IOCAS), which is located in Qingdao, Shandong Province, was founded in 1950. It is the first ocean research institute in China. During its 63-year history, the institute has trained around 1,000 senior scientists and technicians. At present, the institute has nearly 500 scientific and technical personnel, including 175 senior research technicians and 101 doctoral instructors. The institute is home to five CAS key laboratories in the fields of experimental marine biology; marine ecology and environmental sciences; ocean circulation and wave studies; marine geology and environment; and marine corrosion and protection. It also has an institute-level key laboratory devoted to marine organism taxonomy and phylogeny studies.

    The Institute of Physics (IOP) was established in 1950, through the merger of the National Research Institute of Physics of Academia Sinica (established in 1928), and the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Peiping (established in 1929). After the founding of the People’s Republic of China it became known as the Institute of Applied Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). The present name was adopted in October 1958. Through the steadfast efforts of generations of scientists, IOP has become a comprehensive and multidisciplinary research organization engaged in research on basic and applied physics. Its current research focuses mainly on condensed matter physics, optical physics, atomic and molecular physics, plasma physics, soft matter physics, and condensed matter theory and computational physics.

    The history of Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IPE-CAS), dates back to Oct.1, 1958, when its predecessor, Institute of Chemical Metallurgy (ICM), was inaugurated. Over the past 50 years, its research objective has been broadened from chemical metallurgy to process engineering, including energy, bio-chemical engineering, materials and green and environmental engineering. ICM was renamed as IPE in 2001.
    Institute of Zoology (IOZ), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), is a government-funded research institution in zoological sciences. It has a long history of over 80 years. The predecessor of IOZ was Fan Memorial Institute of Biology founded in 1928. Many distinguished scientists including thirteen CAS Academicians started their research career in IOZ. Some of them are founders of various sub-disciplines of zoology in China, such as Professor Bing Zhi, first director of IOZ and one of the main founders of modern biology in China.

     

     

     

     
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